It grows long catkins, the remains of which stay attached to the husk until they fall off. Here is some detailed information on birch trees. Bright green leaves turn a yellow fall color. This tree also makes a great boundary tree for your property, or a wind-break. Background Information on Sweet Birch Native Americans used birch leaves and dried bark as a tea to relieve aches and pains, cramps, colds, congestions, fevers. Beech grows on a wide range of soil types, acidic or basic, provided they are not waterlogged; but prefers chalky soils and limestone. Though less sweet than the sap of sugar maple (Acer saccharum), hardy in USDA zones 3 through 8, paper birch sap is used to make wine, beer and table syrup. For example, the yellow birch (Betula alleghaniensis) can live for up to 300 years, although its average lifespan is 150 years in the wild. Sweet Birch is a lovely forest tree native to New England, New York, Pennsylvania, northern New Jersey, east Ohio, and down the Appalachians into northern Georgia and Alabama, growing wild in upland mesic (moist) or dry mesic forest, and usually on north or east facing slopes of hills and mountains in acid soils. 2. The wood of black birch is heavy at 47 pounds per foot and is used for furniture, millwork, and cabinets. Color/Appearance: Heartwood tends to be a light reddish brown, with nearly white sapwood. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Updates? Sweet Birch is a lovely forest tree native to New England, New York, Pennsylvania, northern New Jersey, east Ohio, and down the Appalachians into northern Georgia and Alabama, growing wild in upland mesic (moist) or dry mesic forest, and usually on north or east facing slopes of hills and mountains in acid soils. The bark can be orange, white or silver. Hardiness Zone. Katsura welcomes autumn with a spicy-sweet smell and tangerine color. Birch is known as pioneer species because it easily populates habitats destroyed by fire. ‘Betula’ (genus of birch) is a Latin word. It has a chemical structure that looks like a cross between a sugar and an alcohol, but it is neither. But this symbol of the north country — and state tree of New Hampshire — has earned its place in history as a continuously useful tree that has served North Americans since the earliest days of human activity. Omissions? • Yellow Birch (Betula alleghaniensis) • Green Alder (Alnus viridis) • European Black Alder (Alnus glutinosa) • Speckled Alder (Alnus incana) Flowers: Spring The plant is native to Europe where it typically occurs in wood margins, heaths, hills and slopes, and its distribution extends into Siberia, Asia Minor, especially in northern Turkey, to the Caucasus and northern Iran. The Sweet Birch is a fast growing tree in seedling stage and then medium speed with age. Soil Type: Its crushed twigs have a wintergreen flavor. Growth rate is medium, 20 feet over a 20 year period. Woodpeckers and other hole-nesting birds often nest in the trunk, while the seeds are eaten by siskins, greenfinches and redpolls. The birch needs a well-drained and preferably, sandy soil for its healthy growth. Birch Tree: Facts & Info on Birch Trees. Culture: Sweet birch prefers deep, fertile, moist, well-drained soil that is slightly acidic. processed. Usually, she just broke off what she needed. 4. Betula pendula, commonly known as silver birch, is a medium-sized deciduous tree, which is classified under Betulaceae family. Trees are the longest living organisms on Earth, and never die of old age. And the sweet birch (Betula lenta) can live to be 250 years. Appearing from April to May, male catkins are long and yellow-brown in colour. Some have single stems, though many are made up of several. The pink dogwood is a very popular landscape tree. Characteristics of Birch Tree Roots. They hang in groups of two to four at the tips of shoots, like lambs' tails; while female catkins are … No need to use pruning paint. There are various varieties of the acacia tree, many of which are grown for commercial purposes, while many for ornamental purposes. Some of the useful facts and details about the birch tree are listed below.The name, ‘birch’ has originated from a Germanic term, birka. A good selection for poor soils and other difficult sites, it also demonstrates some resistance to bronze birch borer (BBB). Here are 11 species you should know about and limitations on their use. Birch trees sometimes have smooth bark, though with some, it peels. "When crushed the leaves twigs give off a sweet wintergreen fragrance. Type: birch is one of our favorite tree facts: purple,. 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